WELCOME TO LJUBLJANA
Ljubljana is the political and cultural heart of the Slovenian nation. It is an important European commercial, business, exhibition and congressional centre as well as the transport, science and education centre of Slovenia.
As its inhabitants and numerous visitors will tell you, Ljubljana is, indeed, a people-friendly city. Categorised as a medium-sized European city, it offers everything a metropolis does yet preserves its small-town friendliness.
Its geographical position in the centre of Europe has determined Ljubljana as a natural meeting place for merchants and soldiers as well as - and more than once - peacemakers. The victors of the Napoleonic wars selected this peaceful city as the site of the Holy Alliance congress, which in 1821 sealed the European political geography for years to come.
THE OLD MEETS THE NEW
In Ljubljana the old meets the new; and it seems that history has spent all of the settlement's five millennia preparing it to become the nation's capital. It has managed to retain traces from all periods of its rich history; from the legacy of Roman Emona; through to the Renaissance, Baroque and Art Nouveau periods characterised in the house fronts and ornate doorways of the city centre, the romantic bridges adorning the Ljubljanica river, the lopsided rooftops and a park reaching deep into the city centre. Here eastern and western cultures met; and the Italian concept of art combined with the sculptural aesthetics of Central European cathedrals.
The city owes its present appearance partly to Italian baroque and partly to Art Nouveau, which is the style of the numerous buildings erected immediately after the earthquake of 1895. In the first half of the 20th century, modern Ljubljana was shaped by the strong personal style of Jože Plečnik, a great European architect and a local of Ljubljana. The cityscape was complemented by his modernist followers as well as by creations of the "New Wave" of acknowledged young architects. All the different facets of Ljubljana blend harmoniously into a single image.
CITY OF CULTURE
Ljubljana is a city of culture. It is home to numerous theatres, museums and galleries, and boasts one of the oldest philharmonic orchestras in the world. The first music society in Slovenia, the Academia philharmonicorum, was founded in 1701. It was a vehicle for baroque music and also facilitated the development of musical production in this region. Its honorary members included such renowned composers as Joseph Haydn, Ludwig van Beethoven and Johannes Brahms, and distinguished musicians such as the violinist Nicolo Paganini. Between 1881 and 1882, at the very start of his career, Gustav Mahler was its resident conductor.
For the people of Ljubljana culture is a way of living and thinking and is very much a part of everyday life. Over 10,000 cultural events take place in the city every year, among which there are 10 international festivals. The inhabitants of Ljubljana and its visitors can admire artists from all the different fields - from music, theatre and fine arts to the alternative and avant-garde. In warmer months, the tables and chairs of the numerous cafés fill the banks of the Ljubljanica and the old city markets. It is here, after an almost obligatory Saturday visit to the Ljubljana market or the Sunday flea market, that the locals meet for a morning coffee or for an evening chat with friends.
MODERN AND LIVELY CITY
The first impression a visitor gets of Ljubljana is that it is an exceptionally young city. It is home to over 50,000 students, who give it a special vibe. As four Slovene regions meet in Ljubljana, the city's numerous restaurants and inns offer a wide range of local delicacies, not to mention superb wines. Ljubljana did not earn the label of "the city of wine and vine" for nothing. In the past it was the wine-trading centre of the region and grapevines were planted on the slopes leading up to the present-day castle by the inhabitants of the Roman settlement of Emona. Today scientists are drawn to the city because of its high-calibre institutes and university, as are artists due to its world-famous graphic biennial, art academy and countless art galleries. International businessmen, economists and experts from all fields frequently attend the city's many business and congressional meetings, exhibitions and trade fairs.
In short: Ljubljana is a city that people often return to, be it because of work or because of pleasant memories of previous visits. It is similar to a number of other pleasant European cities - yet it is different - and if you want to be fully assured that Ljubljana is an interesting, pretty and friendly place then just ask the locals - they love it. And with a name that, according to one theory, means beloved, how could they do otherwise?
HOW TO GET TO LJUBLJANABY TRAIN
Ljubljana is an important railroad junction and can be reached by trains from all major European cities. The railway station is within walking distance of the city centre.BY ROAD
Arriving to Ljubljana by car is easy. Listed below are distances to some nearby cities:
- Trieste (Italy) - 95 km
- Venice (Italy) - 242 km
- Klagenfurt (Austria) - 83 km
- Vienna (Austria) - 380 km
- Munich (Germany) - 408 km
Ljubljana is best served by its International Airport at Brnik, 23 km northwest of the city, with daily connections to most major European cities. From the airport, Ljubljana can be easily reached either by bus shuttle service to Ljubljana bus station (approx. EUR 10) or by taxi (approx. EUR 40).
You may also find it convenient to use one of the neighbouring airports such as:
- Trieste - Ronchi (Italy), 128 km southwest of Ljubljana
- Klagenfurt (Austria), 90 km north of Ljubljana
- Zagreb - Pleso (Croatia), 141 km southeast of Ljubljana
There are direct flights to Ljubljana from: Amsterdam, Barcelona, Belgrade, Birmingham, Brussels, Budapest, Copenhagen, Dublin, Frankfurt, Istanbul, London, Manchester, Moscow, Munich, Ohrid, Paris, Podgorica, Prague, Pristina, Rome, Sarajevo, Skopje, Tirana, Vienna, Warsaw, Zurich. Important: an early booking of your flight is strongly recommended!
Ljubljana airport – Ljubljana city (fixed prices)
- Private car transfer (Economy): 39eur (the price includes VAT, botled water, professional licensed chauffeur)
- Private car transfer (Premium): 50eur (the price includes VAT, botled water, professional licensed chauffeur)
- Group van transfer: 75eur (the price includes VAT, botled water, professional licensed chauffeur)
It is very easy to get around in Ljubljana. As the city center is relatively small, you can simply walk it or rent a bike. Don`t search for subway, because of its size Ljubljana has never had it. To get to other parts of Ljubljana you should use public transport like city bus system or a taxi.TRAIN STATION
The Ljubljana central train station in (in Slovenian: Zelezniska postaja) is situated in the middle of the city, some 10 minutes walk to the old town. To get to the city center from the station or vice versa take Miklosiceva street as it connects them directly. There are eight platforms on the main train station of Ljubljana. Find them behind the entrance building that houses ticket offices and some cafes and shops. There is also a rent a car office, a car parking lot and luggage storage facilities. Hint: If possible, buy your ticket at the train station before entering the train as it is usually more expensive if you buy it from the conductor (+ 2,5 €). No matter the distance and destination there is an extra cost of 3,40 € if you are travelling by bike. Information about train delays are published on the web site of Slovenian Railways.BUS STATION
The main bus station of Ljubljana is located in front of the main train station building. From here bus lines connect Ljubljana to all parts of Slovenia.
It hosts ticket and information offices, a tobacco shop and a small cafe with some croissants.
You can buy your bus ticket at the bus station or directly from the driver on the bus. Both options are ok.
Check their website to learn about departures, arrivals and international transfers.
To travel with Ljubljana city buses you will need an Urbana Card (find information about Urbana Card usage on this site below).
One journey costs 1.30 € and allows you to change as many busses as you need in a time of 90 minutes without additional charge.
When you enter a bus, make sure you approach your Urbana Card to the scanner(there are two on each bus, usually at the front door). When you hear a beep sound, a transaction is done.
Ljubljana does not have tramlines or a subway.
Ljubljana is the capital of Slovenia, which itself is a member of the European Union. The population of Slovenia is approximately 2 million. Ljubljana population: 288.250.CURRENCY & BANKING
From January 1st 2007 Slovenia has been using Euro as official currency. Before Euro it was Tolar. ATMs are literally everywhere and you shouldn`t have problems finding one. Credit cards are widely accepted.ELECTRICITY
Slovenia uses 230 V 50 Hz system, sockets have the European standard and plugs are three-prong grounded.SHOPPING
Most shops in Prague are open from 9:00 to 18:00, Monday to Saturday. Shops in the city centre are usually open from 9:00 to 20:00, Monday to Sunday. Shops in the shopping centres are open from 9:00 to 21:00 daily.TIME ZONE
Slovenia is on Central European Time – Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) plus 1 hour.WEATHER
Climate. Slovenia lies at the heart of Europe. The climate is continental with cold winters and warm summers, but at the coastal areas there is pleasant submediterranean climate. The average temperatures are -2° in January and 21° in July.IMPORTANT TELEPHONE NUMBERS
- 112 - Information center, medical service, fire brigade, health aid, rescue
- 113 - Police
- 01 306 12 15 - Tourist information
- 04 206 19 81 - Ljubljana Airport - information
- 090 42 30 - Bus station information - call center (call price 0.7784 EUR / min)
- 01 291 33 32 - Railway station - information