INTRODUCTION TO CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

Introduction

The early detection of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is important as it provides the best opportunity to modify the disease and reduce the associated cardiovascular risk. CKD affects approximately 10% of the population1,2. Slowing the progression of the disease has a major impact on reducing the number of patients requiring renal replacement therapy and improving the quality of life and outcomes for patients. It is important to remember that, of those diagnosed with CKD, only a small minority will reach end stage renal failure.

Whilst acknowledging that CKD is progressive, with good management, mainly focusing on lowering blood pressure, maximizing lipid control, lowering salt intake, encouraging regular exercise and weight reduction, maintaining tight diabetic control, giving smoking cessation advice and avoiding nephrotoxic drugs this progression can be slowed. Early detection and management of CKD stages 1-3 can be and should be undertaken in primary care. Healthcare professionals have a responsibility to understand the classification system of CKD, its assessment process and treatment. It is hoped that this pocket guide will be a useful tool in the assessment, diagnosis, management and treatment of the early stages of CKD.


References

1. Coresh J, Astor BC, Greene T, Eknoyan G, Levey A. Prevalence of chronic kidney disease and decreased kidney function in the adult US population: Third national health and nutrition survey. Am J Kidney Dis, 2003; 41, (1): 1-12.

2. John R, Webb M, Young A, Stevens PE. Unreferred chronic kidney disease: a longitudinal study. Am J Kidney Dis 2004; 43: 825-835.


EDUCATIONAL MATERIAL

Education & Training - this is the Core of the Association. Development of Educational materials, organize educational events like the annual International Conference and several Seminars along Europe. The aim of the Association is to provide tools and knowledge to Healthcare professionals as well as our Patients.


Publications
EDTNA/ERCA Secretariat

Källstorps Gård / Högs Byväg 118 / SE-246 55 Löddeköpinge / Sweden
Phone: +46 46 70 96 24 / secretariat@edtnaerca.org

Head Office

EDTNA/ERCA, Seestrasse 91, CH 6052 Hergiswil, Switzerland